Monthly Archives: December 2007

Udadi Sadhana*)


Recently, the incidence of breast cancer is increasing every year. There were 3 etiologic factors of breast cancer; genetics, hormonal imbalance, and environment exposure. The normal breast mucous epithelial has estrogen receptor (ER). The breast cancer cell secretes epithelial growth factors/transformation growth factors α, platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) and growth inhibitors (TGF-β). In breast cancer, ER may high, moderate or none. The cancer with high ER is better than moderate as well as nothing. ER… Continue reading

Rakhmad Hidayat1). M. Sofyan Harahap2)


Background: The anesthesia procedure may effects to all system of the body, including cardiovascular. Enflurane inhalation is one of common used drugs in general anesthesia with high-flow even very high-flow semiclosed system technique. The objective of this study was proving that medium-flow semiclosed system technique can be use safely without decreasing the quality of anesthesia.
Methods: This was an observational analytic study using cross sectional design, with 44 samples of medical… Continue reading

(Studi kasus di SMUN 3 Semarang)

Gregorius Virgianto A AP 1). Endang Purwaningsih 2)


Background: Obesity is a chronic condition characterised by an excess of body fat. Obesity in adolescence also take a problem for social life and emotional. Food habit in adolescent is significantly influenced by their change of life style, included in life style to consume fast food. This research was aimed to know whether consumption of fast food is a risk factor obesity in adolescent.… Continue reading

(Studi kasus di Poli Reumatik RSUP Dr. Kariadi Semarang)

Anita Virgiyanti 1). Suyanto Hadi 2)


Background: One of knee osteoarthritis (OA)’s risk factors is biomechanic load. Biomechanic load as a risk factor has been explained. A study reported that mechanic increased the risk of knee OA. The aim of this study was examining the relationship between biomechanic load and the risk of knee OA in patients of Rheumatologic Department Kariadi Hospital Semarang.
Methods: An observational analytic study with… Continue reading

Lukas Handoko 1). Hardian 2)


Background: Flavonoid is an antioxidant which can be found in celery (Apium graviolens). It is assumed that flavonoid has hepatoprotector effect.
The purpose of this research is to verify the effect of flavonoid to liver function in male Wistar applied with carbon tetrachloride.
Methods: This was an experimental study, using the post test only control group design. The samples was 20 male Wistar which divided into 2 groups. The control group, 10 rats,… Continue reading