Astrid Aditya Rahmi1), Siti Fatimah Muis2)

ABSTRACT

Background: Food consumption as an important factor that will influence individual nutritional status, may come from main meals and snacks. Snacks play an important role in food diversification since childhood that hopefully will improve child nutritional status. The aim of this study is to describe the contribution of snacks to the overall energy protein intake and nutritional status of SDN Siliwangi’s children.
Methods: A descriptive analytic study with cross sectional approach was conducted on the school children of SDN Siliwangi Semarang. Sample was chosen with simple random sampling which consists of 45 children. Data collected include: sex, age, weight, height, snacks that were consumed in one week and main meals that were consumed in three days. Descriptive analytic was carried to all variables followed by bivariate test using Pearson correlation.
Results: The 40% children nutritional status was normal according to Wt/A and 53.3 % was normal according to Ht/A and Wt/Ht. Snacks give 22.9% contribution to the overall energy intake and 15.9% to the overall protein intake. There was a significant contribution of energy and protein intake to the overall energy and protein intake. There was no association between overall energy protein intake as well as those snacks and the nutritional status of children.
Conclusions: Snacks contributed significant amount to the overall energy and protein intake. There was no association between overall energy protein intake and those from snack to the nutritional status of children.

Key Words: Snacks, Nutritional status, School children

ABSTRAK

Latar belakang: Konsumsi makanan merupakan salah satu faktor penentu status gizi seseorang, yang dapat berasal dari makanan utama dan makanan jajanan. Makanan jajanan berdampak positif terhadap penganekaragaman makanan sedari kecil yang pada akhirnya akan meningkatkan status gizi. Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan kontribusi makanan jajanan terhadap tingkat kecukupan energi dan protein serta status gizi anak SDN Siliwangi.
Metode: Penelitian deskriptif analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional yang dilakukan di SDN Siliwangi Semarang pada bulan April sampai Mei 2004. Sampel dipilih secara simple random sampling terdiri dari 45 siswa. Data yang dikumpulkan meliputi jenis kelamin, umur, berat badan, tinggi badan, makanan jajanan yang dikonsumsi selama satu minggu serta makanan utama yang dikonsumsi selama tiga hari. Analisis dilakukan dalam dua tahap, yaitu analisis deskriptif pada semua variabel dan analisis inferensial secara bivariat untuk mengetahui hubungan antar variabel. Uji bivariat dikerjakan dengan menggunakan uji korelasi Pearson.
Hasil: Status gizi sampel 40% normal menurut indeks BB/U dan 53,3% normal menurut indeks TB/U dan BB/TB. Makanan jajanan memberikan kontribusi terhadap tingkat kecukupan energi 22,9% dan protein 15,9%. Terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara kontribusi makanan jajanan dengan tingkat kecukupan energi dan protein. Tidak terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara tingkat kecukupan energi dan protein dengan status gizi dan antara kontribusi energi dan protein makanan jajanan dengan status gizi anak.
Kesimpulan: Makanan jajanan memberikan kontribusi terhadap tingkat kecukupan energi dan protein, namun tidak ditemukan hubungan antara tingkat kecukupan energi dan protein serta antara kontribusi energi dan protein makanan jajanan dengan status gizi anak.

Kata Kunci: Makanan jajanan, Status gizi, Anak sekolah

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